The Inca empire started as a small tribe
who lived in the village of Cuzco, high in the Andes Mountains of South
America. One day, another tribe tried to conquer them. Thanks to Pachacuti,
the king's son, the Incas won! That was the beginning of the Inca
Over the next 100 years, the Inca
conquered tribe after tribe until their empire stretched nearly the
entire length of western South America. It was one of the largest
empires in the world. At it's height, it was over 2,500 miles long and
about 500 miles wide, tucked high in the Andes Mountains.
had a strong central government. There was almost no
crime as punishment was harsh. They had a strong army. They had
roads and bridges and aqueducts. The government cared for the sick and
old. They invented terrace farming to make farming easier on the sharp
mountain slopes. They had stores of food they distributed to all people
in times of drought. Most people were farmers, but the Inca also had
specialized professions like weavers who made fabulous textiles, and
musicians who created new instruments like the pan pipe. The Inca invented
many things. They believed in many gods.
100 years after they had grown into an empire that stretched the length
of South America, the Spanish
conquered the Incan civilization.
in South America, in the modern county of Peru, you can still find
ancestors of the incredible Incas.
Incas for Kids