The ancient city of Machu Picchu was discovered in
1911. Archaeologists were so excited about finding the ruins of
this city. Some believe it was a country estate. Some believe it was a
religious retreat. Some believe it was a city high in the Andes
mountains that was somehow overlooked by the Spanish. It was quite a
Explorers found ruins of temples, palaces,
fortresses, and a royal tomb. They found remains of the stone aqueducts
that brought water into the city from over a mile away. They found
remains of terrace gardens, and homes for farmers, nobles, and priests.
They found wonderful pottery.
They also found an Intihuatana. This was an
exciting discovery. An Intihuatana was the ceremonial pyramid the Incas
built to speak to their sun god.
Once, there were intihuatanas all over the Incan
empire. But Machu Picchu is the only place one of these has been found
intact. The rest were destroyed by the Spanish invaders. The carved rock
at the top was used by Incan astronomers to predict the best times to
plant crops. In Machu Picchu, the Intihuatana was angled and built so
that people in the palace had ring side seats - from the palace, it
would have been easy to see the ceremonies conducted on the very top of
It has been nearly 100 years since Machu Picchu was
first rediscovered. Today, Machu Picchu is still Peru's top tourist
attraction. If you ever travel to Peru, we highly recommend you include
a visit to the fabulous forgotten city of the incredible Incas, Machu
Picchu. Bring your hiking boots. It's quite a walk!
Interactive Inca Trail