About 100 years ago, archaeologists made an
incredible find, high in the Andes Mountains. They found an entire city
that had not been destroyed by the Spanish invaders. This forgotten city
is named Machu Picchu. It is a huge tourist attraction in Peru
Archaeologists found ruins of
temples, palaces, fortresses, pottery, statues, and all kinds of
artifacts. It was incredible! This find told archaeologists and
scientists a great deal about the ancient Inca civilization.
of the most exciting finds was the first thing explorers found as they
entered the forgotten city. It was an Intihuatana. An Intihuatana was
pyramid built so the Inca could speak to their gods. Priests used the
flat top of the pyramid to conduct ceremonies. Archaeologists noted that
palace balconies faced the flat rock at the top of
the pyramid. They suspect this was done so that nobles could watch
ceremonies from the comfort of a seat on their own balcony.
Interactive Inca Trail