The Incas built the best
planned cities in the ancient Americas. The
Incas laid out their cities in a grid. Each city had a central plaza.
That plaza was surrounded by public buildings and temples. A palace was
built for visiting Sapa
Incas. There was housing for priests and nobles. Houses were even
built for the common
Most Incan cities did not
have walls around them. Instead, the Incas built
large stone fortresses near or beside their cities. In times of danger,
people could run inside the fortress for protection. The rest of the
time, the fortress housed some of the military. The military checked
everyone coming in or out of the cities. The cities were very safe.
The Incas build beautiful
cities. They liked their
buildings to match the surrounding landscape. They used well-cut stone.
The Incas were master builders. Buildings were constructed to last, and
to survive natural disasters like earthquakes. Doorways and window
niches sloped inwards slightly at the top. Roofs were also slanted.
Incan buildings are amazing structures.
The architecture was
formal yet simple. The Incas
loved things made of gold and silver. But they also liked things to be
simple. The outside doors leading in to their homes were often highly
decorated. Inside, they had simple paintings on the walls and solid gold
decorations throughout their homes.